Confusion Over Pancheswor Project Interpretation Of Mahakali Treaty. It appears that the authorities of India as well as Nepal are confused. called the Pancheshwar Project The Mahakali Treaty revised some agreements concluded between. India and Nepal in the past. There were deep feelings of. As per the Nepalese constitution, the Mahakali Treaty had to be endorsed by the parliament. Accordingly, when it was introduced, it was.
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Needless to say that our Government must implement the Pancheshwar Project strictly adhering each proviso of the Treaty based on correct interpretation. It is stated mahzkali the Article 3 of the Treaty that Pancheshwor Project should be constructed without prejudice to their respective existing consumptive uses of the waters of the Mahakali River without specifying the amount of existing use.
Exclusion of the amount of existing use of Mahakli waters in India in the Treaty is a clear indication that Indian side then did not intend to lay claim for additional waters in compensation for existing use or else they would have definitely required inclusion of a special clause to quantify existing use following the rule of precedent already established in the Gandak Treaty.
They must have been fully content with the fact that after all the Indian share of regulated water in post-Pancheshwor period would far exceed the pre-Pancheshwor existing use in India. Thus the Pancheshwor Project would not prejudice to India’s existing consumptive use.
Thus the implementation of the Mahakali Project would in no way prejudice existing use of Mahakali waters in India in dry season.
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According to that Institute the consumptive use of waters in the project area for kharif crop during monsoon season is between 20 to 40 cm whereas the effective rainfall is cm. It implies that Mahakali River stored water will not be utilized for kharif crop during monsoon period. Any person familiar with large mzhakali dam design, construction and operation can ought right say that downstream irrigation can be completely disrupted if adequate provisions are not made in design and construction of the project.
Thus the implementation of Pancheshwor Project would definitely prejudice the existing use if the following provisions are not made. During the initial reservoir filling the river can virtually dry up. The downstream consumptive uses must be ensured by providing outlets at different heights at relatively high cost.
The Pancheshwor Project is being planned as a short duration peaking trezty station. Each day the power station might be in operation only for 4 to 5 hours.
During the rest of the time the power station would remain virtually turned off. In post Pancheshwor period it would be necessary to have reregulation reservoir downstream Pancheshwor mhaakali to ensure proper irrigation in Indian Territory.
Published in Magazine Issue: True Meaning of the Article 3 of the Treaty Any person familiar with large storage dam design, construction and operation can ought right say that downstream irrigation can be completely disrupted if adequate provisions are not made in design and construction of the mahkali.
Reservoir Filling During the initial reservoir filling the river can virtually dry up. Reregulating Reservoir The Pancheshwor Project is being planned as a short duration peaking power station.
Thapa Thapa writes on water resources issue.
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