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For some time now, the Veneto has been faced with urgent environmental problems which typically affect industrialised and urbanised areas. The problems are brought about by the growing demands venetl natural resources venefo the one hand and emissions of polluting substances into the environment on the other.
These problems are of concern in most of the region’s territories but affect the individual vneto to a different extent. Here, the discussion of environmental issues will be limited to the main urban centres where the biggest share of the population lives and where the challenges are most urgent. The assessment of waste production will further include centres of high tourist intensity.
Apart from the 7 provincial capitals, 19 urban centres were identified on the basis of two criteria: Availability of public green space. Liveability geneto urban areas requires the designation of a certain share of the land as public green spaces. As sufficient data are not available for all urban centres, analysis will be limited to the provincial capitals.
The values for Vicenza, Rovigo and Belluno, however, remained more or less unchanged. Belluno stands out as the capital with the lowest percentage of public green space 0.
Calaméo – GaYa project – Comparative Report
Considering the special morphology of the area, this can probably be put down to the lower need for public green space as there is plenty of private green space available Figure 6. However, it must be taken into consideration that this standard refers to equipped green spaces only while the data provided in this report also include non-equipped spaces. Verona again stands out with its It is not only the Veneto’s leading provincial capital but also ranks fourth among all provincial capitals at a national level.
Venezia could improve its position and ranks now 2nd in the Veneto with Belluno may have a low availability in terms of public green surface area, but it provides its population with The data show that all provincial capitals apart from Belluno which ranks 21st are among the first 9 of the 26 urban centres which were assessed for their per-capita municipal waste production.
In Venezia, Rovigo and Padova, the value of the indicator even surpasses significantly the national average of kg per inhabitant and year. Venezia is also the provincial capital where waste is least separated.
This results from the particular structure of the city and from the noticeable impact of tourist presence which leads to more non-separated waste. Paese is the most active municipality when it comes to separating waste and has a lower per-capita rate of overall waste production. Roughly half of the municipalities under scrutiny remained under this value, with Paese and Valdagno as the leaders.
In quantitative terms, every inhabitant of the Veneto separated an average amount of kg of waste in This is an increase of 24 kg compared to Figure 6. In about two thirds of the municipalities assessed, the average production of municipal waste per capita has grown from tooften even considerably, while the remaining municipalities recorded a decline in waste generation.
The value achieved by Paese differs considerably from all other values. Among all the municipalities under evaluation, Paese separates the most and produces the least waste. The decline in waste production can mainly be put down to the system of collection introduced in this municipality of the Treviso province.
From toPaese more than doubled the percentage of separated waste collected, going from Switching over to a system of “door-to-door” collection has also brought about a noticeable reduction in dry residual waste and biodegradable waste produced by local industries, previously collected in waste banks Figure 6.
Inthe Veneto separated a proportion of The majority of the 26 main urban municipalities in the Veneto increased noticeably the amount of separately collected waste between and In the cases of Thiene and Paese this corresponded to an increase of the share of separated waste in total municipal waste produced by even more than 40 points, reaching a proportion of separated waste of Two municipalities only, Montecchio Maggiore and Valdagno, showed a slight reduction in the percentage of separate waste collection in the same time frame.
This fact underpins the difficulties encountered in organising an efficient waste collection service in bigger urban centres. Comparing the tendencies in waste production with the proportions of separated waste collected shows that in general those municipalities which have improved their performance regarding waste separation are the ones that have also managed to invert the upward trend in waste production.
This gives clear evidence that the path of waste separation is the one that leads to a reduction of the impact of waste production on the environment Figure 6. The systems of collection of municipal waste are an important indicator of the municipalities’ waste management. The diffusion of a source-separated system of kerbside door-to-door collection of dry residual waste and biodegradable waste has noticeably improved the outcomes of separate waste collection everywhere in the Veneto.
This system of waste management leads to a continuous reduction of the proportion of waste taken to landfill. Furthermore, the door-to-door waste collection system has raised citizens’ awareness of the waste issue.
Based on the data, all 26 municipalities assessed distinguish between dry and biodegradable waste and collect the organic part separately from the rest of the waste.
GaYa project – Comparative Report
The majority of municipalities apply l.r.16 and the same system for both types, dry residual and biodegradable waste, i. Usually the same l.d.61 is also used for paper, glass and plastic waste. The Municipality of Padova is the only one using both systems, kerbside and bring, for the lr.61 as well as the dry waste, according to districts town centre and periphery.
The collection systems for the dry recyclable waste glass, paper, plastic shows the l.r.6 similarities: It can be observed that those municipalities who adopt the kerbside door-to-door collection system are those who register the higher percentages of separate collection and a lower total of waste produced Table 6. Tourism is undoubtedly one of the Veneto’s main economic resources.
However, it also exerts certain pressures on the municipal environment which often also force small municipalities to face problems which are typical for large urban centres, such as the considerable production of waste, the higher traffic burden, resulting in noise and atmospheric pollution, and the increase in sewage to be treated, to name but a few.
Lr 61 85 veneto pdf
The fact that tourist presence is not evenly distributed over the year makes it even more difficult for the local administrations to optimise and implement solutions. The same index yields extremely low values for the provincial capitals.
This can be put down to their bigger size in terms of population, but also to the fact that it is impossible to integrate in this index day tourists for whom there are no data available Table 6. Jesolo turned out to have the highest annual amount of waste generated by tourists who spent at least one night in the town, but at the same time it has the highest population figures which also explains the high overall production of waste.
The estimates of tourist-produced amounts of waste were also very high for San Michele al Tagliamento, Cavallino and Caorle. Among the provincial capitals Venezia stands out. Just as expected, it has the highest amount of waste caused by tourist presence Figure 6. Noise-level zoning of the municipal territory. The population in urban centres in particular perceives noise as one of today’s primary environmental problems. According to Istat data, this held true in for Noise pollution is also of major concern for Verona is the province with the highest percentage of municipalities which have adopted or at least approved a plan of noise-level classification of their respective territories Note 5.
The Rovigo province also shows a rather high percentage.
Veneti the analysis of the major 26 municipalities in the Veneto it turns out that most of them have adopted a plan of noise-level classification of the territory. According to the data received before December 31,Bassano del Grappa, Mirano, Montecchio Maggiore, Paese, Thiene and Vicenza were the municipalities which had not yet embarked on this strategy Figure 6.
Information provided herein on the consumption of energy in urban areas is limited to the seven provincial capitals. Particular attention is paid to the consumption of methane gas in households and for heating purposes between and The tendency registered for Belluno stands out.
Though growing consistently, the values are much lower than those of the other cities. This fact could be explained by the higher use of wood and other fossil fuels which is the main combustible used for household heating.
Higher methane consumption is recorded for the municipalities of Rovigo and Padova, followed by Venezia and Vicenza with similar scenarios, and lastly by Verona and Treviso. The trend of the period from to does not reveal any important change.
A slight growth in consumption is observed in the municipalities of Rovigo, Venezia and Belluno Figure 6. Another indicator used to assess the energy demand in the Veneto is the consumption of electricity for household purposes.
In this case, too, the information on consumption is limited to the seven provincial capitals. At the vrneto of the ranking is Padova, followed by Treviso and Venezia and the other cities which all show more or less the same consumption levels. The trend curves do not reveal a particular development in one direction but rather show a certain variability over time.
For instance, all municipalities with high consumption values showed a decline inwhile those with lower consumption values registered an increase compared to Assessing the variation in consumption gives evidence of a slight growth for the municipalities of Venezia, Rovigo and Padova Figure 6. Urban centres are generally the region’s hot-spots of atmospheric pollution due to the usually higher concentration of emission sources such as traffic, heating, industrial facilities etc.
From the total of 25 monitoring stations Note 6 which are located in the seven provincial capitals, at least one Urban Background UB station and one Urban Traffic UT station was chosen per capital. UB vneeto give median pollution values which are representative of the municipality being monitored and not predominantly influenced by urban traffic, while UT stations give maximum pollution values which are vveneto of the municipality and influenced mainly by traffic from nearby roads or streets.
In andthe legal vrneto values this report refers to were exceeded a few times for these two pollutants. The PM10 situation in the Venetian plain and in the l.61 macro-region of the padan-adriatic basin in general seems to depend not only on the territorial distribution of l.r.1 sources but to a considerable extent also on vwneto frequently occurring periods of atmospheric stagnation, a situation less frequent in mountain areas.
Data elaborated by the Statistics office of the Veneto region are collective property; reproduction of this material is authorised for non-commercial purposes only, provided the source “Regione Veneto – Regional Statistics System Management” is acknowledged.
Systems of municipal waste collection. The most relevant topics are described using some environmental indicators which are applied, where possible, to the 26 selected urban centres or at least to the 7 provincial capitals.
The calculation of the indicators is based on data except for a few cases where updates for were available. The indicator used herein to judge the additional pressure exerted on venetto town by tourist presence is the intensity of tourism in terms of the ratio of the average daily number of tourists present to the number of inhabitants of the municipal area. The average daily number of tourists present is obtained by the number of nights spent by tourists in the 855 accommodation establishments divided by Only municipalities with more than two accommodation establishments were included in the calculations.
Same-day visitors are excluded, as they do not spend the night in an accommodation establishment. It is possible to obtain an approximate estimate of the fractions of waste produced by locals and tourists by combining the data venetoo nights spent in the city with the data on the annual waste production.
The estimates are obtained veneho multiplying the ratio of the annually produced amount of waste to the average daily number of all persons present in the municipal area by the number of residents and the number of tourists present, respectively. The municipal territory must be classified into 6 homogeneous classes. For each class, limit values of acceptable ambient noise are set for day and night time. Herein, all municipalities which had adopted or approved venego classification plan before December 31,are considered ‘zoned municipalities’.
The regional environmental agency ARPAV is in charge of the air-quality monitoring network in the regional territory of the Veneto which counted 57 stations in March Pursuant to the new technical provisions, the stations of the network are classified according to the quality and quantity of emission sources which characterise the ambient air of the p.r.61 Traffic, Background or Industrial as well as type Urban, Suburban or Rural and characteristics Residential, Commercial, Industrial, Agricultural, Natural, or Combinations of these of the zone they are located in.