Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data. Canguilhem, Georges, -. The normal and the pathological. Translation of: Le normal et le pathologique. Buy Le normal et le pathologique by Georges Canguilhem (ISBN: ) from Amazon’s Book Store. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible. Ethique & Santé – Vol. 7 – N° 1 – p. – Autour du vieillissement: le normal, le pathologique et le fragile. Actualité de Georges Canguilhem – EM|consulte.
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He took up a post at the Clermont-Ferrand based University of Strasbourg inand pathologiqud his medical doctorate inin the middle of World War II. Using the pseudonym “Lafont” Canguilhem became active in the French Resistanceserving as a doctor in Auvergne. By he was the French equivalent of department chair canguiljem philosophy at Strasbourg as well. Seven years later, he was named a professor at the Sorbonne and succeeded Gaston Bachelard as the director of the Institut d’histoire des sciences, a post he occupied until gelrges, at which time he undertook an active emeritus career.
Canguilhem’s principal work in philosophy of science is presented in two books, Le Normal et le pathologiquefirst published in and then expanded inand La Connaissance de la vie Le Normal et la pathologique is an extended exploration into the nature and meaning of normality in medicine and biology, the production and institutionalization of medical knowledge.
It is still a seminal work in medical anthropology and the history of ideas, and is widely influential in part thanks to Canguilhem’s influence on Michel Foucault. La Connaissance de la vie is an extended study of the specificity of biology as a science, the historical and conceptual significance of vitalismand the possibility of conceiving organisms not on the basis of mechanical and technical models that would reduce the organism to a machine, but rather on the basis of the organism’s relation to the milieu in which it lives, its successful survival in this milieu, and its status as something greater than “the sum of its parts.
He furthered and altered these critiques in a later book, Ideology and Rationality in the History of the Life Sciences. Canguilhem was originally hostile to the ideas of Henri Bergson and vitalism but was later influenced by them and developed his own “idiosyncratic brand of vitalism.
More than just a great theoretician, Canguilhem was one of the few philosophers of canguolhem 20th century to develop an approach that was shaped by a medical education. He helped define a method of studying the history of science which was practical and rigorous. His work focused on the one hand on the concepts of “normal” and “pathological” and, on the other, a critical history of the formation of concepts such as “reflex” in the history of science.
This belief did not prevent him from being regarded with considerable affection by the generation of intellectuals that came to the fore in the s, including Jacques Derrida georbes, Michel FoucaultLouis Althusserand Jacques Lacan.
Althusser once wrote to his English translator that ” my debt to Canguilhem is incalculable ” italics in the original, from Economy and Society 27, page Take away Canguilhem and you will no longer understand much about Althusser, Althusserism and a whole series of discussions which have taken place among French Marxists; you will no longer grasp what is specific to sociologists such as BourdieuCastelPasseron and what marks them so strongly within sociology ; you will miss an entire aspect of the theoretical work done by psychoanalystsparticularly by the followers of Lacan.
patholofique Further, in the entire discussion of ideas which preceded or followed the movement of ’68it is easy to find the place of those who, from near or from afar, had been trained by Canguilhem. Derrida recalled that Canguilhem advised him early in his career that he would have to distinguish himself as a serious scholar before he could exhibit professionally the particular philosophical sense of humour for which he is at turns famous and notorious, advice which Derrida seemed to have taken in earnest.
After years of neglect, a great deal of Canguilhem’s writings have canvuilhem translated into English. Among them are a collection of essays entitled A Vital Rationalist and his most celebrated work, The Normal and the Pathological.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The Return of Vitalism: Canguilhem, Bergson and the Project of Biophilosophy. The Care of Life: Transdisciplinary Perspectives in Bioethics and Biopolitics. Retrieved from ” https: Views Read Edit View history.
Georges Canguilhem – Wikipedia