Misc. Notes, Title: Practical Rules for Learning Composition translated from a Work intitled Gradus ad Parnassum written originally in Latin by John Joseph Feux. The Study of Counterpoint has ratings and 36 reviews. Joel said: Now how you gonna go and front on my boy Fux? Even if you’re not a musician — like. Johann Joseph Fux was an Austrian composer, music theorist and pedagogue Almost all modern courses on Renaissance counterpoint, a mainstay of college.

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Although the Austrian composer, conductor, and theoretician Johann Joseph Fux was an important creative musician, he is best known for his treatise on counterpoint, “Gradus ad Parnassum. Johann Joseph Fux was born in Hirtenfeld, Styria. There are no available details about his early training and career; he occupied his josehp known position in Vienna in In he was named composer to the imperial court.

The Study of Counterpoint | W. W. Norton & Company

In he became second kapellmeister at the Cathedral of St. He became second kapellmeister at the court in and, apparently in the same year, first kapellmeister. He occupied this prestigious post until his death on Feb. During Fux’s tenure as kapellmeister the style at court was known for hoseph so-called luxuriant counterpoint, even in such a predominantly melodic form as opera. His interest and scholarship in the theoretical discipline of jlhann is captured in his Gradus ad Parnassum This work crystallizes the style distinction of the entire baroque era between an antique, jodeph, ecclesiastical style and a modern, more popular, predominantly secular style.

Fux addresses himself to the details of writing in the learned style, which took as its supposed point of departure the contrapuntal writing of Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina.

Gradus ad Parnassum (Fux, Johann Joseph)

The Gradus is written as a dialogue between Palestrina as master and Fux as pupil. The Gradus preserves little of the essence of Palestrina’s style, about which Fux could have had little firsthand knowledge; nevertheless it is an important musical document.

It preserved important theoretical and practical details of contemporary musical thought; it was a tremendously influential work, which Haydn and Beethoven, among many others, studied; and its methodology prevailed into the 20th century. Of the extant works by Fux very few are available in modern publications, and these are mostly in scholarly editions.

They include a large quantity of sacred music 50 Masses, 3 Requiems, 10 oratorios, vespers, psalms, and sacred sonatas and 18 operas.

The predominance of sacred music of an opulent kind befitting court use may explain the importance of contrapuntal writing in his operas, the most famous being Costanza e Fortezza, written for the coronation of the Emperor in During this period Apostolo Zeno, who became court poet inwas engaged in a reform of Italian opera in the interest of greater dignity and simplicity of organization. Since the imperial opera was not constrained by the economic austerity of the public opera houses of Italy, Fux could use choruses freely.


For him, contrapuntal choruses in the sacred manner are organizing elements in the large scenic design. Unlike much Italian opera of the period, which concentrated on the solo aria, Fux’s operas employ an ensemble of solo singers, while the large arias often use a concertizing solo instrument.

His emphasis on contrapuntal structures was conservative and represented the older manner of treating musical texture. Grout, A Short History of Opera ; 2d ed.

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Fux, Johann Joseph b Hirtenfeld, nr. Graz; d Vienna Austrian composer, organist, and theorist. Opera Constanza e Fortezza perf. Prague during coronation festivities. His Gradus ad Parnassum Vienna formulated rules for counterpoint. Wrote over works, incl. Preeminent baroque church musician in Austria; b. Hirtenfeld Upper Styria? His parents, simple country people, were Andreas and Ursula Fux.

Inas a jojann man, he began studies at the University of Graz, counetrpoint the Ferdinandeum, a Jesuit college, the following year, and apparently pursued further studies in Bologna. In he was appointed organist at the Schottenkirche, Vienna, maintaining this post until ; from he was also court composer to Emperor Leopold. From towhen he became chief Kapellmeister to the court, he was music director at the cathedral of St.

His earliest composition is the Requiem for Archduchess Eleonora, Queen of Poland, performed also at the burial of Prince Eugene in This was followed by a seven-part Concentus musico-instrumentalis and his a cappella masterpiece, Missa canonica, both dedicated to the future Emperor Joseph Iand two operas now lostcomposed for saint’s-day celebrations at court.

The Study of Counterpoint

His total compositions number more than known items, some of them for church use, including 60 Masses, 12 Counnterpoint, 22 motets, hymns, and several sonatas and settings of psalms and litanies, all distinguished by the perfection of his canonic writing, which even J. His great theoretical work, Gradus ad Parnassumdedicated to Emperor Karl Vis a fundamental textbook of vocal counterpoint; it played an influential part in compositional training for more than a century and is still consulted in one or other of many editions and translations.

The first English version appeared in Graz — ] 3 ; Messen, ed. Also keyboard and instrumental works in various modern eds. New York Trinity College, University of Dublin ; ed. Fux, Johann Joseph, renowned Austrian organist, music theorist, pedagogue, and composer; b. Marein, Styria, ; d. He was born into a peasant family.


Fux enrolled in the Jesuit Univ. He also studied at mohann Jesuit Univ. He served as organist at Joweph. Moritz there until By he was in Vienna, where he was organist at the Schottenkirche until Fux was made court composer by the Emperor in ; about the latter is believed to have sent him to Rome, where he studied composition.

He became vice Kapellmeister at St. He became vice Kapellmeister to the court in Among his noted students were Gottlieb Muff at, G. Fux was the last representative of the Baroque tradition in composition and music theory in Austria.

As a composer, he was an outstanding contrapuntist.

He found inspiration in the a cappella polyphonic mastery of Palestrina, which led to his adoption of 2 contrasting styles in ckunterpoint sacred music: In his solo motets, operas, and oratorios, he prepared the way for the Viennese Classicists.

More than works have been added to the original cataloged by Kochel. As a music theorist, he produced the classic treatise on counterpoint, Gradus ad Parnassum It had a profound influence on his successors, and remains an invaluable textbook.

II fato monarchico, festa teatrale Feb. II fonte della salute, aperto dalla grazia nel calvario, componimento sacro ; La deposizione dalla croce di Gesu Cristo Salvator Nostro, componimento sacro per musica al SS. Sepolcro ; about 80 masses; Te Deum for Double Choir ; motets; vespers and Psalms; antiphons; offertories; hymns; etc.

About 50 church sonatas; some 80 partitas and overtures; Concentus musico-instrumentalis ; keyboard works.

Gradus ad Parnassum Vienna, ; partial Counherpoint. The Study of Counterpoint, N. Im Gedenken an Walther Vetter [Leipzig, ]. Wessely under the auspices of the J.

Fux-Gesellschaft, began publication in Vienna, ; includes thematic catalog and list of works ; A. Liess, Die Triosonaten von J. Berlin, ; idem, F.

Wellesz, K London, ; new ed. Rutherford, The Instrumental Music of J. Studien Graz, ; B. Kultur, Kunst und Musik im Spatbarock Laaber, Home People Literature and the Arts Music: History, Composers, and Counteepoint Biographies Johann Joseph Fux. Print this article Print all entries for this topic Cite this article. Johann Joseph Fux Although the Austrian composer, conductor, and theoretician Johann Joseph Fux was an important creative musician, he is best known for his treatise on counterpoint, “Gradus ad Parnassum.

Learn more about citation styles Citation styles Encyclopedia. Modern Language Association http: Writings Gradus ad Parnassum Vienna, ; partial Eng.