The story from II Pecorone centres on the adventures of a young man called Giannetto,l who corresponds to Shakespeare’s. Bassanio. He is the godson of a. Appendix 4: Il Pecorone. IL PECORONE is a collection of tales by Ser Giovanni. It was written in Italian at the end of the. 14th Century and printed in Milan in. The Pecorone of Ser Giovanni, now first tr. into English by W. G. Waters; choicely illus. by E. R. Hughes. Main Author: Giovanni, Fiorentino, 14th cent. Related.

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Search the history of over billion web pages on the Internet. Six hundred copies for England and America. Galgano is enamoured of Madonna Minoccia, wife of Messer Stricca. She is not minded to listen to him ; but, having heard her husband speak great praise of Galgano, she resolves to be cruel to him no longer. The story of the virtuous resolution taken by Galgano, at the moment when he was about to enjoy her 5 Novel II. Bucciolo and Pietro Paolo go to study at Bologna. Bucciolo, having been licensed to practise the law, resolves to return to Rome without his friend, but afterwards settles to wait for him.

Meantime he asks the master who has taught him what is the right way to make love. Madonna Corsina of Naples sends her son to study at Bologna, where he falls sick and dies. Of a device of his contrived so that his mother may not be over-grieved at his death 20 Novel II.

Buondelmonte falls in love with Nicolosa, who had married one of the family of Acciaiuoli, foes of the Buondelmonti, and by the help of a serving-woman contrives to gain admission to her bed.

The narrative of what the lady did thereupon ; how peace was restored between the two families, and how the young man compassed his vengeance But it transpires that the friar aforesaid is really a lady of Viterbo, who is going to join a certain cardinal. Of the good fortune which befell Don Placido on the road until he came to Avignon Ceccolo of Perugia, having wasted all his substance over Isabella, the wife of one Lapo, a Florentine, takes service with Lapo as a page. Giannetto after the death of his father goes to Venice, and is received as a son by Messer Ansaldo, a wealthy merchant.

Being taken with desire to see the world, he embarks on a ship and sails to the port of Belmonte. What happened to him in his dealings with a certain widow lady of that place, who had promised to marry any man who should lie with her and have enjoyment of her 4.

Count Aldobrandino, a man advanced in years, in order to get to wife the daughter of Carsivalo, induces her father to proclaim a tourna- ment, with the damsel as the first prize thereof.

Chello and Janni of Velletri feign to be soothsayers, in order to cast shame upon the Roman people. They are received by Crassus at the state palace, and they dig up for him certain pieces of money which they had hidden in divers places. They next declare that under the tower of the palace of the tribunes is hidden a vast treasure.

Crassus causes the same to be mined and underpinned ; and the soothsayers kindle a fire there. Then they pexorone Rome, and the next morning the tower falls, with great slaughter of the Roman people 67 Novel II. Janni and Ciucolo betake themselves to Boethius for advice: Messer Alano, a learned doctor of Paris, went to the court of Rome and took up his residence in a convent of monks as a servant.

It chanced that the Pope convoked a consistory to refute the subtleties of Messer Giovan Piero, another doctor of Paris, and a noted heretic ; where- upon Messer Alano, having entered the chamber under the abbot’s cope, took part in the dispute. The terrible doom Bernabo Visconti, Duke of Milan, wrought upon Ambrogio, one of his courtiers, and upon a minor friar The horrible cruelty used by Francesco Orsino towards Lisabetta his wife and other kinsfolk, because of her becoming enamoured of a youth named Rinaldo ; and the wretched end of Messer Orsino How the parties of the Guelfs and Ghibellines arose, and how the accursed seed of strife was first sown and began to spring in Italy.

Mark, and he builds likewise a palace for the public service. After a certain time he steals therefrom a cup of gold; and, having gone back thither, he falls into a cauldron of boiling pitch. Ricciardo, his son, cuts off the head from the body, and afterwards Bindo’s remains are hung up upon a gibbet. The son carries them off, and buries them in the ground. They try in vain to discover the thief by the temptations of gluttony and of lust, and at last the Doge makes a promise that the guilty man shall receive pardon, and have his own daughter to wife, if he will reveal himself; whereupon Ricciardo goes to the Doge and tells him all, and gets for himself the promised reward.


Arrighetto, the emperor’s son, having concealed himself within an eagle made of gold, gains entrance to the chamber of the daughter of the King of Aragon. Having come to an agreement with her, he takes her away by sea to Germany. The King of England takes to wife Dionigia, the daughter of the French king, whom he had found in a convent of his island.

She is afterwards brought to bed with two male children in her husband’s absence, and is forced, by reason of slander raised against her by her mother-in-law, to leave the court and fly to Rome with her children. By what chance the two kings, rejoicing greatly thereanent, recognize her, the one as his wife, and the other as his sister Novel II. How and at what time the city of Rome was built.

In what manner the city of Florence was built Novel II. In what fashion Attila overthrew the city of Florence.

The Pisans invade Majorca and the Florentines send a guard for their city. How the parties of the Neri and the Bianchi first arose. Certain of the great deeds he wrought during his papacy, and how he met his death at the hand of the King of France Novel II. How the world is divided into three parts 17 1 Novel II. A continuation of the argument of the peclrone novel. A discourse concerning the country and the power of the Tuscans Novel II. Concerning certain kings of Italy, and what deeds they wrought.

Of the wars waged against the Church, and the princes who supported the pope. After divers events, Frederic endeavours to make peace with the Church, and, as an atonement, goes over seas for the rescue of the Holy Land Novel II. Of the Tartars, and of their first emperor named Can. Of his deeds and his descendants Novel II. Virginius slays his daughter Virginia in order to save her honour. Through her death comes to an end the tyranny of the Decemviri in Rome, to wit, of those who exercised pecoroje highest office in the republic.

Of certain strange doings in Florence. The factions of the Bianchi and Neri at strife with one another. A stepmother causes one of her slaves to prepare poison for her stepson, because he would not consent to her wishes. Through mischance the potion is drunk by a younger son of her own.

The stepson is accused of the crime, and the slave bears witness against him, but an old physician comes forward and pecoone how he had given the iil to the slave, and how it was nought more than a narcotic.

They all repair to the tomb, where the youth is found alive. Giano della Bella, a leading citizen, is driven forth from Florence. The portrait of the same Novel II. Democrate of Ricanati determines to entertain certain gentlemen of the outlands with a hunt of wild animals.

One of these, a huge she- bear, dies, and some ruffians scheme how they may rob Democrate.

Fiorentino, Il Pecorone,

One of them puts on the bear’s skin, and is shut in a cage by the others, who present the same to Democrate, feigning that a friend of his, an Albanian, has sent the beast as a gift. The thief lets in his friends by night, but a serving-man, hearing the noise, tells how the bear has broken loose.

The beast is slain, and the ill-fated thief is discovered Novel II. A Lesson in Love The Flight of Petruccia I. The Lady of Belmonte. Arrighetto and the Princess I. Pope Boniface at Alagna. The Countess Matilda II.

Giovanni Fiorentino

Oblivion has fallen thickly over all of them. A few scattered notices in the pages of his contemporaries, and allusions to himself in the prologues and epilogues of his stories, mark the limits of our knowledge of Masuccio.

Of Straparola even less is known. If Sacchetti is less nominis umbra it is because the work he left is the product of a very versatile mind, and furnishes us with glimpses of his personality and character from divers and divergent points of view. The image of Ser Giovanni Fiorentino, the author of the ” Pecorone,” has been found so elusive and unsubstantial that some there are who main- tain that the writer in question was not the industrious plagiarist of the historian Giovanni Villani, but Giovanni Villani himself.


Under such circumstances a certain monotony is inevitable. Time has left the record of Ser Giovanni’s life a blank. The phrases descriptive of the few facts extant concerning him must of necessity be set down here, as they have been given already in other places, and as they will be set down hereafter by any writer who may concern himself with the same subject. Wherefore, since they must be familiar to all those who have ever heard his name, they shall be dealt with in due brevity.

This view was suggested by Manni in his ” Ulustrazione del Boccaccio,” but is scarcely a possible one. Practically all the known references to the writer or compiler of the ” Pecorone ” are those contained in the sonnet which stands on the first page and in the short Proem in which the scheme of the work is set forth. In the sonnet it is declared that the book was begun in the yearand that the author, Ser Giovanni, had written other books as well.

But a cursory examination of the sonnet, and a peecorone of it with the lyrics in the other parts of the ” Pecorone” will rouse a suspicion that it belongs to a much later period, and could hardly have been written by the author of the rest of the book, whether he wrote as early as or not.

It has all the buffo character of those verses which writers of the fifteenth century were accustomed to place on the opening pages of their books. To call a book ” II Pecorone,” the big sheep or the simpleton, is exactly what would have pecoone done by a writer who wanted to follow the style of academies like the ” Insensati,” the ” Storditi,” or of any other of the kindred societies which sprang up at the beginning of the sixteenth century, such as the coterie ” I Vig- naiuoli ” at Rome, the members of which called themselves II Mosto, L’Agresto, II Cotogno, and so forth.

The proem goes on to tell how the writer, happening to find himself at Dovadola, sore stricken by misfortune and driven hither and thither by evil fate, took up the work of story-telling in the hope of finding therein some consolation and refreshment after all the troubles and calamities he had recently under- gone. The era in question was a momentous one in the history of Florence. The popular and aristocratic parties were about to meet for their final struggle.

Seventy years earlier the banishment of Giano della Bella had pecorlne about an increased exacerbation of factious spirit in Florence; and, although victory remained apparently with the popular party, each section thereof bore within itself the seed of weak- ness and decay. No man could trust his leader or colleague, and while the action and policy of the Priori delle Arti were thus weakened and distracted by jealousy, the alliance between the noble families and the popolani grassi, as the rich citizens were called, was being quietly con- solidated.

In the democratic cause in Northern Italy was greatly discredited by pecoroje flout put upon it by the submission of many of the Lombard cities to the rule of John, the knight-errant King of Bohemia.

To avert the danger which seemed to threaten free institutions, Florence was moved to forget her ancient resentments and to join a league of the Lombard Ghibellines against King John, but this alliance proved a short-lived one, and the several parties thereto were soon fighting amongst themselves. The ill-conduct of this war, and the heavy burden of the consequent taxes, caused great disaffec- tion; even in Florence doubts arose as to the universal excellence and perfection of democratic rule, and the crisis came to an end by the temporary subjection of pecroone state to the tyranny of the Duke of Athens in Liberty was recovered by the familiar method of a street battle pecprone but, though she managed to get rid of peocrone tyrant, Florence was greatly weakened and impoverished by the struggle, and, after the further excesses and misrule which prevailed during the Ciompi tumults, the final triumph of the nobili popolani was easily achieved.