Definition, A fény rendszerből kilépő helye. Definition Ref. Bagány Mihály: Fizika. 2., Geometriai optika, hullámoptika, Kecskemét: KF, Term, fókusztávolság. Reliability, 3 (Reliable). Term Ref. Bagány Mihály: Fizika. 2 ., Geometriai optika, hullámoptika, Kecskemét: KF, Date, 23/07/ márc. 7. a fizikának a fény és az elektromágneses hullámok terjedésével foglalkozó tudományága teljes visszaverődés jelensége sűrűbb közeg-ritkább.
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The course introduces the first year students to biological thinking.
It concentrates on key questions and ideas, which are illustrated with carefully selected examples. The main themes are the following: Dual character of life: Replication and heredity; The problem of sexuality, molecular recombination; Some nontrivial problems of evolution: The bases of behaviour; the bases optikw pattern formation; population dynamics and the organization of ecosystems. In the lecture the students are introduced into several biological applications of mechanics and optics, and they get knowledge of the physical, mathematical, computational and biological tools necessary to the solution of the treated biomechanical and biooptical problems.
Structure of the biological macromolecules.
Reactions of biomolecules in water, basic nature of macromolecular recognition and biocatalysis. General characterization of metabolism, principles of control.
Structural background of the storage and expression of genetic information. Summary optkka the methods of investigation. New results and new areas of research.
The subject gives the elementary mathematical theory of ecology and evolution. General idea and specific realizations of fitness. Fundamentals of population genetics.
Neural and molecular evolution. Ecology and frequency dependent selection. Self organizing criticality models of biospheres. Fundamentals of biophysics, physics of molecular biological processes, secondary interactions, low Reynolds number hydrodynamics, diffusion, activation, solutions, chemical reactions, structure and properties of proteins and nucleic acids, modern biophysical methods of investigation, biological membranes, transport processes, propagation of the action potential, biological energy conversion, perception.
Collective phenomena, pattern formation, morphogenesis, bioinformatics, biological networks, neural networks, bioenergetics, transport processes, biological motions, protein folding, conformational changes. Introduction to the origin, structure, and compartmentalized functions of the eukaryotic cells, their maintenance, the properties and control of cellular communication, cell cycle growthdifferentiation, and cell death.
Insight into the most specific methods of cell biology. Foundations of the studies of molecular cell biology, botany, microbiology, animal anatomy, plant and animal physiology, genetics, and immunology. Structure of the living cell, functions of the components of the cell, properties of the membranes, membrane proteins, forms of the connections between cells, tissue organisation.
Organisation of the nervous system, basic phenomena of the operation of nerves. Water spaces of organisms, characterisation and optikq of blood, cellular components of the blood, geometriia physiological role.
Structure of the heart, mechanical events during the cycle of the heart, control of the operation, electrical change measured during the operation of the heart.
Geoetriai of the system of blood vessels, control of the circulation of blood. Transport of the respiratory gases, structure of the respiratory system, control of respiration. Operation of the system of excretion, acid-base equilibrium.
The structure of the digestive system, control of its operation, the process of digestion, excretion. Characterization of the endocrine system, control of the hormones, operation of the endocrine glands.
Operation of muscles, muscular system, regulation of motion. General characterisation of the sensory system, operation of the sensory systems. Higher level neural activity control of sleep and wakefulness, processes of learning, control of behaviour. Fundamentals of operations, animal care, and animal ethics.
Geometria I. “Gravitáció és optika”
Investigations in surviving, isolated organ preparations heart, skeleton muscle, small intestine. Human circulation, EKG, EEG, sensory and psycho physiological investigations with the help of an educational software. Bases of the connection between the ecosystems and their environments. Biological organisation, levels of organisation, supraindividual organisation.
Group properties of populations, bounded and unbounded growth, environment — tolerance connections, notion of the ecological niche.
Lifestyle properties and ecological strategies. Elementary interactions between populations competition, predatorism, parasitism, mutualism, commensalisms, etc. Organisation, structure, and dynamics fluctuation, succession of ecosystems.
Their stability, disturbances, failure. Properties of ecological systems, mass and energy transfer in the ecosystems. An introduction to the theoretical background of widely used biophysical experimental methods; including X-ray crystallography, NMR spectroscopy, mass spectroscopy, optical absorption, dicroism, fluorescence, IR and Raman spectroscopy, ultracentrifugation, electrophoresis and tomography. Physics BSc subjects B. Biophysical methods of molecular structures.