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He wrote satirical and boldly irreverent Modernist works that treat themes of universal consequence, breaking with the Mexican tradition of realistic literature that focuses on native themes and subjects. dl

In confabuario writings, Jun comments on the absurdity of life and attacks hypocrisy, complacency, religiosity, commercialism, and materialism, as well as the possibility of harmony between the sexes. Brief Acting Career and Nervous Breakdown Arreola was the fourth of fourteen children born to a deeply religious family in Zapotlan el Grande now Ciudad Guzmanin west central Mexico.

As a child, he demonstrated an excellent memory and an interest in literature, but he was forced to end his formal schooling. He worked a jkse of jobs in Zapotlan before moving to Mexico Citywhere he enrolled in the Instituto de Bellas Artes to study acting in During his time in the capital, Arreola was also writing and becoming acquainted with a group of young Mexican writers. He was back in Mexico City the following year, working in an editorial position at the Fondo de Cultura Economica.

The work elicited almost no response from critics, although it was noticed and read in the literary circles of Mexico City. However, his next collection confabularik stories, Confabulariopublished three years later, inspired generally positive comment.

The Switchman – Wikipedia

La hora de todos, his first play, was performed in and published the next jlse, followed by a series of prose sketches called Punta de plata, together with illustrations by artist Hector Xavier, cnofabulario This latter work was expanded and renamed Bestiaries and appeared, along with almost everything else he had previously published, in the Confabulario and Other Inventions of Eo Takes Off InArreola wrote his only novel, The Fair, a work often cited as one of his most significant literary accomplishments.

That same year he was awarded the Xavier Villaurrutia Prize. Inhe edited the anthologies Los Presentes and El Unicornio. In addition, he accepted a arroela at the National Autonomous Argeola of Mexico. Eight years later, he completed Palindrome, which includes his second play, Tercera llamada tercera! Arreola’s production of new fiction dropped off after Palindrome, as he focused his attention on lecturing and became involved in television. With this book Arreola pays homage to a poet he recognizes as an important presence in his works: The Favorite Son of Guadalajara Toward the end of his career Arreola received numerous accolades for his contributions to Mexican literature.

Inon his eightieth birthday, Arreola was named favorite son of Guadalajara, where he died two years later. Although he wrote in a variety of genres, Arreola is best known for his short stories and sketches, which have been praised for their stylistic originality and philosophical sophistication. Ranging confabulaario one-page vignettes and brief, confsbulario pieces to apocryphal biographies of historical figures and existential short stories, his works demonstrate his wry and satirical humor, as well as his deep cynicism and pervasive sense of absurdity.

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English novelist who wrote in a range of genres, including the Western and religious novels. Brazilian novelist whose works are set in the Bahia region of northeastern Brazil and reveal the author’s fascination with the rich cultural heritage of Bahia’s inhabitants. French explorer, ecologist, and inventor responsible for co-developing the aqua-lung, an important scuba diving device.

Juan José Arreola – Wikipedia

Albanian nun who won the Nobel Peace Prize, infor her humanitarian work. American Army Air Corps pilot who flew the airplane that dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima in Allegory, Cynicism, and Confbaulario The vignettes of Arreola’s Bestiaries combine allegory, cynicism, and satire, displaying human foibles in a series of animals—among them a rhinoceros, a boa constrictor, and a hippopotamus.

His tone in these works, jusn that of an objective naturalist, masks a clever allegory, which satirizes human vanity, destructiveness, and insensitivity and criticizes the state of sexual relations between women and men.

The switchman who explains the workings of the railroad describes areas where one of the rails does not exist, false facades of stations, chasms without bridges and the unlikely chance of X——ever reaching his destination, the town of T——. The work is seen as a comment on the inadequacy of Mexico’s transportation system, as well as an exploration of the inescapable absurdity of human existence.

Absurdity The absurdity in Arreola’s short stories appears with different modifications. The character that narrates the story does not trade his, and thus he is not a victim of the deception suffered by the husbands who are dazzled by the mirage of the promised exchange.

The anguish of being trapped by a spider reminds conafbulario of the feeling he previously experienced with a woman, with whom he was also unable to live. Absurdity is again present: Arreola’s prose creates a poetic vision out of a situation where horror is established from the very first lines. Influences on Contemporary Latin-American Literature Inventario, a series of reflections on culture, was published in ; years later a literary study followed— Ramon Lopez Velarde: With this arreloa, Arreola pays homage to a poet he recognizes as an important presence in his works: Lopez Velarde in poetry and Arreola in prose.

Juan José Arreola

Although Arreola wrote and published in a variety of genres, he has received little critical acclaim for his novel and his drama. Indeed, Arreola’s career and reputation rest mostly upon his short stories, which have confabbulario nearly universally positive responses, which have been praised for their subtle beauty, their scathing satire, and their insightful allegorical elements.

Arreola’s Bestiaries includes a number of animals that have human characteristics. Here confzbulario a few more examples of anthropomorphism in art:. Animal Farma novel by George Orwell. A satire of the Soviet government, Animal Farm uses animals to represent different important historical figures from the Soviet Union. The Rabbitsa children’s book by John Marsden.

Marsden and illustrator Shaun Tan presented an allegorical depiction of the effects of colonization and environmental degradation. Confabulario and Other Inventions Arreola’s best-known collection of short stories and sketches is Confabulario, which was first published in and, after being expanded twice, was published in English translation as Confabulario and Other Inventions.


Selections from Confabulario were also included in a later Spanish collection, Estas paginas mias, which was confabularoo in In the tale a scientist devises a costly method—which would be financed by wealthy people—to disintegrate a camel and thus allow it to pass through a needle.

The scientist reasons that if he and the rich people can make the camel go through the needle, they will go to heaven. Menton considered the story a reflection of Arreola’s sentiments about literature as well as other forms of art. Once a work of art goes beyond suggesting beauty, it loses its charm.

Indeed, critics have most often responded positively to his short stories—succinct, universalizing pieces that have evoked comparisons to those of Argentine writer Jorge Luis Borges. The Fair The Fair, Arreola’s sole novel, shares certain affinities with his other writings.

Like many of his shorter works, The Fair lacks the well-defined characters and plots of conventional fiction. Instead, the novel develops from related and unrelated scenes, partial conversations, and portions of letters and diaries; it suggests plot and character instead of depicting them directly. The novel’s fragmented parts coalesce, Sommers explains, to portray the life-cycle of a Mexican village, from its founding in colonial times to its deterioration in the present age.

The Fair concludes with a fabulous display of fireworks set off by vandals, which, instead of providing harmless entertainment, kills several onlookers. Arreola’s sensitive use of language … and his wry tone of bitter humor are the basis for the literary unity of this novel.

Although early reaction to The Fair was mostly negative, the novel’s publication did much to address a stereotype from the mid-fifties that labeled Arreola an overly cosmopolitan writer uninterested in Mexican themes. Over the years, however, the novel has achieved greater esteem. Modern Latin American Literature. Allegorist in an Age of Uncertainty. The Train and the Desert Experience Confluencia. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

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