Introduction to the DSDM Principles The eight principles of DSDM support DSDM’s philosophy that “best Principle 1 – Focus on the Business Need. MoSCoW Rules. DSDM is rooted in the software development understand how DSDM principles relate to agile development process. The Dynamic Systems Development Method (DSDM) is a framework for DSDM consortium released DSDM ATERN (DSDM Consortium, )) This.

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Dynamic systems development method DSDM is an agile project delivery framework, primarily used as a software development method. DSDM fixes cost, quality and time at the outset and uses the MoSCoW prioritisation of scope dzdm mustsshouldscoulds and won’t haves to adjust the project deliverable to meet the stated time constraint. DSDM is often used to provide the full ‘project’ focus to compliment Scrum’s team focussed product development process.

At the same time the new DSDM manual recognised the need dddm operate alongside other frameworks for service delivery esp. The user interfaces for software applications were moving from the old green screens to the graphical user interfaces that are used today. New application development tools were coming on the market, such as PowerBuilder. These enabled developers to share their proposed solutions much more easily with their customers — prototyping became a reality and the frustrations of the classical, sequential waterfall development methods could be put to one side.

However, the RAD movement was very unstructured: Many major corporations were very interested in the possibilities but they were also concerned that they did not lose the level of quality in the end deliverables that free-flow development could give rise to. The DSDM Consortium was founded in by an association of vendors and experts in the field of software engineering and was created with the dssdm of “jointly developing and promoting an independent Dzdm framework” by combining their best practice experiences.

The origins were an event organised by the Butler Group in London. People at that meeting all worked for dscm organisations such as British Airways, American Express, Dsem and Logica other companies such as Data Sciences and Allied Domecq have since been absorbed by other organisations.

At the initial meeting it was dddm that Jennifer Stapleton, then of Logicawould put fsdm an architecture for an end-to-end, user-centric but quality-controlled method for iterative and incremental development. Once the architecture was in place a month after the initial meetingthe Consortium formed various task groups to populate it with all aspects of software development, including [8] and techniques, quality and testing, development tools and techniques, personnel and software procurement.

An oversight group led by the architect and consisting of the chairs of the task groups ensured consistency of the approach as it was developed. Although many of the Consortium members were direct business competitors, they shared freely how they had addressed the various aspects. Best practice was extracted and formed into a cohesive whole. As the Consortium grew in its first year from a handful of organisations to sixty, the content of the method became increasingly robust.

Version 1 was baselined in December and published in February The result was a generic method covering people, process and tools that was formed from the experiences of organisations of all sectors and sizes. Atern is a vendor-independent dsvm that recognises that more projects fail because of people problems than technology.

Dynamic systems development method – Wikipedia

Atern is also independent of tools and techniques enabling it to be used in any business and technical environment without tying the business to a particular vendor. As an extension of rapid application development, DSDM focuses on information systems projects that are characterised by tight schedules and budgets.

DSDM addresses the most common failures of information systems projects, including exceeding budgets, missing deadlines, and lack of user involvement and top-management commitment. Some of the content of the method had been there since The new version was launched at the Cafe Royale in London on 24 April Some amendments were made in April Atern V2 and incorporated in the latest version of the Atern Handbook.


These principles direct the team in the attitude they must take and the mindset they must adopt in order to deliver consistently.

The main criteria for acceptance of a “deliverable” is delivering a system that addresses the current business needs.

Delivering a perfect system which addresses all possible business needs is less important than focusing on critical functionalities. User involvement is the main key in running an efficient and effective project, where both users and developers share a workplace either physical or via toolsso that the decisions can be made collaboratively and quickly.

A focus on frequent delivery of products, with assumption that to deliver something “good enough” earlier is always better than to deliver everything “perfectly” in the end. By delivering product frequently from an early stage of the project, the product can be tested and reviewed where the dedm record and review document can be taken into account at 44.2 next iteration or dwdm. Communication and cooperation among all project stakeholders is required to be efficient and effective.

In order for DSDM to be a success, there are 9 instrumental factors which need to be met. If these cannot be met, it presents a risk to the Atern approach which is not necessarily a show stopper but which does need to be managed. These risks are also highlighted by the Project Approach Questionnaire.

The DSDM framework consists of three sequential phases, namely the pre-project, project life-cycle and post-project phases. The project phase of DSDM is the most elaborate of the three phases. The project life-cycle phase consists of 5 stages that form an iterative step-by-step approach in developing an IS.

The three phases and corresponding stages are explained extensively in the subsequent sections. This diagram depicts the DSDM iterative development, started on functional model iteration, design and build iteration, and implementation phase.

The description of dsddm stage will dsdj explained later in this entry. During this stage of the project, the feasibility of the project for the use of DSDM is examined. Prerequisites for the use of DSDM are addressed by answering questions like: The most important techniques used in this phase are the Workshops. The deliverables for this stage are the Feasibility Report and the Feasibility Prototype that address the feasibility of the project at hand.

Dynamic systems development method

It is extended with a Global Outline Plan for the rest of the project and a Risk Log dsmd identifies the most important risks for the project. The business study extends the feasibility study. After the project has been deemed feasible for the use of DSDM, this stage examines the influenced business processes, user groups involved and their respective needs and wishes.

Again the workshops are one of the most valuable techniques, workshops in which the different stakeholders come together to discuss the proposed system.

The information from these sessions is combined into a dsvm list.

An important property of 44.2 requirements list is the fact that the requirements are can be prioritised. These requirements are prioritised using the MoSCoW approach. Based on this prioritisation, a development plan is constructed as a guideline for the rest of the project. An important project technique used in the development of this plan is timeboxing. This technique is essential in realising dsmd goals dsm DSDM, namely being on time and on budget, guaranteeing the desired quality.

A system architecture is another aid to guide the development of the IS. The deliverables for this stage are a business area definition that describes the context of the project within the company, a system architecture definition that provides an initial global architecture of the IS under development together with a development plan that outlines the dxdm important steps in the development process.

At the base of these last two documents there is the prioritised requirements list. This list states all the requirements for the system, organised according to the MoSCoW principle. The requirements that have been identified in the previous stages are converted to a functional model. This model consists of both a functioning prototype and models. Prototyping is one of the key project techniques within this stage that helps to realise good user involvement throughout the project.


The developed prototype is reviewed by different user groups. In order to assure quality, testing is implemented throughout every iteration of DSDM. An important part of testing is realised in the Functional Model Dxdm.

The Functional Model can be subdivided into four sub-stages:. The deliverables for this stage are a Functional Model and a Functional Prototype that together represent the functionalities that could be realised in this iteration, ready for testing by users. Next to this, the Requirements List is updated, deleting the items that have been realised and rethinking the prioritisation of the remaining requirements.

The Risk Log is also updated by having risk analysis of further development after reviewing the prototyping document. The main focus of this DSDM iteration is to integrate the functional components ddm the previous phase into one system that satisfies user needs. It also addresses the non-functional requirements that have been set for the IS.

Again testing is an important ongoing activity in this stage. The Design and Build Iteration can be subdivided into four sub-stages:. The deliverables for this stage are a Design Prototype during the phase that end users get to test and at the end of the Design and Build Iteration the Tested System is handed over to the next phase.

In this stage, the system is mainly built where the design and functions are consolidated and integrated in a prototype. Another deliverable for this stage is a User Documentation. In the Implementation stage, the tested system including user documentation is delivered to the users and training of future users is realised. The system to be delivered has been reviewed to include the requirements that have been set in the beginning stages of the project.

The Implementation stage can be subdivided into four sub-stages:. The associations between concepts of deliverables in Functional Model Iteration stage are depicted in the meta-data model below.

This meta-data model will be combined with the meta-process diagram of Functional Model Iteration phase ddsdm the next part. Identify functional prototype activity is to identify the functionalities that would be in the prototype of current iteration. Recall that both, analysis and coding dedm done; prototypes are built, and the experiences gained from them are used in improving the analysis models based also on updated prioritised requirements list and updated risk log.

The built prototypes are not to be entirely discarded, but dsd, steered towards such quality that they can be included in the final system.

Agree schedule is to determine when and how the prototyping will be implemented; it extends the scope to the available timetable and prototyping plan.

Below is the process-data diagram of Functional Model Iteration stage. There are some roles introduced within DSDM environment.

It is important that the project members need to be appointed to different roles before they start to run the project. Each role has its own responsibility. Next to timeboxing and prioritising of requirements, the DSDM also provides an iterative and incremental approach to IS development. This can be seen in the figure depicting the Process Overview above. Each iteration addresses a set of new functionalities, and every iteration builds on a working predecessor. Each iteration can be undone if needed.

The Process Overview figure also shows arrows going back to previous stages. For example, there is an arrow from Implementation to the Business Dwdm. Similarly, there is an arrow from Implementation to the Functional Model Iteration. Functionality might be omitted during a previous Functional Model Iteration because of time or budget constraints.