AHMAD IBN RUSTAH PDF

Kitâb al-aʻlâk an-nafîsa VII auctore Abû Alî Ahmed ibn Omar Ibn Rosteh et Kitâb al-boldân auctore Ahmed ibn abî Jakûb ibn Wâdhih al-Kâtib al-Jakûbî by. Warhammer 40k – Lexicanum β. Search. Edit; Watch this page. Ahmad Ibn Rustah. Redirect page. Redirect to: Kasper Ansbach Hawser. Retrieved from. Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are not a subscriber, please click here to read about membership. Ahmad ibn Rustah 1 Historical.

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Golden, who prefer to translate the word to include Scandinavians and Finno-Ugrians along with various Slavic groups. For the convenience of the reader, an English translation of the relevant passages has been provided in an appendix. They do not know defeat, and none of their men turns away [from battle] until he is killed or kills [his opponent].

Among their customs is that each of them carries a pounding weapon and fastens it to himself. They are most skillful in wielding the axe, the saw, the hammer, and similar things. They fight mainly on foot. The battle resulted in the termination of Byzantine control over a significant part of Anatolia; it had a major impact on the development of Transcaucasia, and in addition, it was disastrous for the subsequent careers of Romanos and the Varangian guard.

Cahen pointed out, a number of other sources attest to the large variety of foreign mercenaries present in the Byzantine army at Manzikert. Furthermore, according to that source, his subsequent demand for the hand of the sister of Basil and Constantine Anna precipitated the actual conversion.

They were overconfident, however, and were caught off guard, resulting in their defeat in a great battle and in their massacre. They were good in their conduct. After this lasted for a long time, they ordered the people of the town to depart and [they said that] they would not attack the townsmen for an interval of three days, and an individual was free to leave with whatever possessions he could carry.

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They gathered those who remained in the Friday Mosque, and they said to the remaining townsmen: They massacred all of those [for whom they could receive no ransom], and only a few fled from the massacre.

He skirmished with them in the mornings and the evenings, but he returned defeated rusgah the battles. This continued in the same manner for many days.

He explained the plan to his followers and he set up the ambush. They uncovered the men who were waiting in ambush and they killed those who had left [their positions].

Then I personally returned to the charge, with my brother and my minister following me. I prepared myself mentally for martyrdom. Then most of the Daylamis returned to help us, feeling ashamed [of their cowardice].

This is the location to which they moved their many possessions, and where they placed their prisoners and their booty. He took male and female captives, and booty. The battle between ad-Dumustaq and Saif ad-Dawla became intense, and the troops stoutly endured [the conflict]. Then, Allah, the Exalted One, granted the victory to the Muslims.

She refused, however, to hand herself over to one whose religion differed from her own. They bore [their predicament] stoutly, but then were put to flight and did not have any place to which they could flee.

When Alp Arslan approached the enemy, he came upon their advance guard. They reached the Tatars on rustan march, and the Tatars pulled back.

The two armies vigorously persisted [in the battle, the like of rustwh struggle has not been heard of before. The battle continued for many days. Eustah Tatars followed them, killing and plundering, and laying waste to the land until most of it was devastated.

He took many things from that one. The remaining ships were safe. The survivors notified him of the Tatar invasion.

Vernadsky, Ancient Russia New Haven: Yale University Press,v. From the many works, see in particular V. Mouton, ; B.

EBN ROSTA, ABŪ ʿALĪ AḤMAD – Encyclopaedia Iranica

Zakhoder, Kaspiiskii svod svedenii o vostochnoi Europe Moscow: Brill, vii, ; James E. An Annotated Translation with Ruustah Ph. Dissertation, Indiana University, ; Z. Penguin Books,; P. Sawyer, Kings and Vikings New York: Methuen, For an alternative interpretation of these customs by a Viking specialist, see G.

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Ibn Rustah, Aḥmad ibn ʻUmar active 9th centuryth century [WorldCat Identities]

Oxford University Press, Brill, For the meaning of jins, see H. Librarie du Liban,; E. Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon Beirut: Librarie du Liban,book 1, part 2, ; R.

Dozy, Supplement aux Dictionnaires arabes, third edition Leiden: Brill,v. Schocken Books,99 n. Mouton,61; O. Brill,1st ed. Heffer,passim; D. Dunlop, History of the Jewish Khazars, ; C. Cambridge University Press, Princeton University Press, ; B. Oxford University Press, ; H. Routledge and Keegan Paul,; D. Margoliouth, Lectures on Arabic Historians Delhi: Adarah-i Adabiyat-i Delli, ; N. Faruqi, Early Muslim Historiography Delhi: Adarah-i Adabiyat-i Delli, J, Brill,2nd ed. Holt, Historians of the Middle East, Ahmaf, Early Muslim Historiography, ; A.

Duri, The Rise of Historical Writing, La Haye, Mouton, and Company,2 vols.

Ibn Rustah, Aḥmad ibn ʻUmar active 9th century-10th century

Brill,2nd ed. Brogger, Dar Sader and Dar Beyrouth,viii, Vasilev, Byzance et les Arabes Brussels: Barbier de Meynard and P. University Microfilms International, For a discussion of the location of this polity, see P. A Persian Geography Karachi: Imperatorskoi Akademii Nauk, A number of the similarities between these sources are discussed by P.

Martin, Treasure of the Land of Darkness: Cambridge University Press, Vasiliev, Byzance et les Arabes, ii, Variorum,vi, Cambridge University Press,i, ; A. Vasiliev, History of the Byzantine Empire Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, The significance of the battle in the larger Transcaucasian context is discussed by P. The impact of the battle on the Varangian guard is discussed in S. The Medieval Academy of America, The Medieval Academy of America, Firmin-Didot,t.

For commentary on Yahya and his career, see H. Canard in Vasiliev, Byzance et les Arabes, 11, This material is entered sub annobut his chronology is incorrect here. The Expression of Power in a Medieval Kingdom: