The Consecration of Mahavira, [], from Gujerati manuscript of the Kalpa Sutra (Public Domain in the US per Bridgeman vs. Corel). Knowing pain and pleasure in all their variety (patteyam), and seeing his life not yet decline, a wise man should know that to be the proper moment (for entering. The Acharanga Sutra (IAST: Ācārāṅga Sūtra; First book c. 5th-4th century BCE; Second book c. 2nd-1st century BCE)[1] is the first of the twelve Angas, part of.

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The existing text of the Acsranga Sutra which is used by the Svetambara sect of Jainism was recompiled and edited by KshamaShraman Devardhigani, who headed the council held at Valabhi c. The Digambaras do not recognize the available text, and regard the original text as having been lost in its original form. The Digambara text, Mulachara is said to be derived from the original Acharanga and acarwnga the conduct of a Digambara monk. The Acharanga Sutra is the oldest agam, from a linguistic point of view, written in Ardhamagadhi Prakrit.

The Sutra contains two books, or Srutaskandhas. The first book is the older part, to which other treatises were later added. It describes the conduct and behavior of ascetic life: It also describes the penance of Mahavirathe Great Hero.

The second book is divided into four sections called Kulas. The first and second parts lay down rules for conduct of ascetics. I so pronounce that all the omniscients of all times, state, speak, propagate, and elaborate that nothing which breathes, which exists, which lives, or which has essence or potential of life, should be destroyed or ruled over, or subjugated, or harmed, or denied of its essence or potential. This truth, propagated by the self-knowing omniscients, after understanding all there is in universe, is pure, undefileable, and eternal.

In support of this Truth, I ask you a question – “Is sorrow or pain desirable to you? If you say, “No, It is not” you will be expressing the truth.

What I want to add to the truth expressed by you is that, as sorrow or pain is not desirable to you, so it is to all which breath, exist, live or have any essence of life.

To you and all, it is undesirable, and painful, and repugnant. That which you suutra worth destroying is like yourself. That which you consider worth disciplining is like yourself.

That which you consider worth subjugating is like yourself. That which you consider worth killing is like yourself. The result of actions by you has to be borne by you, so do not destroy anything. Acharanga Sutra describes lack of clothes as being in full conformity of with Jain doctrine AS 1.

Introduction The Acharanga Sutra is the oldest agam, from a linguistic point of view, written in Ardhamagadhi Prakrit. In the Jain tradition, it is believed that Mahavira was born in the early part of the 6th century BC into a royal kshatriya family in present-day Bihar, India.

He abandoned all worldly possessions at the age of 30 and left home in pursuit of spiritual awakening, becoming an ascetic.

Acaranga Sutra

Mahavira practiced intense meditation and severe austerities for 12 years, after which he is believed acarangga have attained Kevala Jnana omniscience. He preached for 30 years and is believed by Jains to have died in the 6th century BC, although the year varies by sect. Scholars such as Karl Potter consider his biography uncertain; some suggest that he lived in the 5th century BC, contemporaneously with the Buddha.


Mahavira attained nirvana at the age of 72, and his body was cremated. Tattvartha Sutra also known as Tattvarth-adhigama-sutra is an ancient Jain text written by Acharya Umaswati, sometime between the 2nd- and 5th-century AD. It is a text in sutra or aphorisms, and presents the complete Jainism philosophy in sutras over 10 chapters.

Its meaning is interpreted This Sutra contains detailed life histories and, from the midth century, was frequently illustrated with miniature painting. The oldest surviving copies are written on paper in western India in the 14th century. Agamas are texts of Jainism based on acsranga discourses of the tirthankara. It is generally represented by a tree with twelve branches.

These are believed to have originated from Rishabhanatha, the first tirthankara. Agama is a Sanskrit word which signifies the ‘coming’ of a body of doctrine by means of transmission through a lineage of authoritative teachers.

These scriptures are said to have contained the It is the largest text of the canon, said to contain 36, questions answered by Mahavira. The subject matter of the answers ranges from doctrine to rules of ascetic behaviour. It follows question and answer pattern.

Briefly, the answers may be categorised under the following categories: Along with Mahavira, Rishabhanatha and Neminatha, Parshvanatha is one of the four Tirthankaras who attracts the most devotional worship among the Jains. He is popularly seen as a ford-maker who removes obstacles and has the capacity to save. Parshvanatha is said in Jain texts to h This is the reason why, under the leadership of Devardhigani Ksamasramana, aacaranga eleven Angas of the Sutrw canon were formalised and reduced to writing.

In the vacana held at Valabhi, in Gujarat, the Sthananga Sutra was finalised and redacted. The mula sutras of the Sthananga Sutra are difficult to understand without the help of a commentary or tika.

The word thanam denotes quantum. Hence, the style acxranga the Acaragna Sutra is unique. It is divided into ten chapters, and ea Sources Cort, John E. Religious Values sutda Ideology in India: The sutra is believed to have been composed by Gandhara Sudharmaswami. This ancient manuscript is the holy book of the Svetambara sect. This text contains the essence of samanam religion, defined and catalogued systematically.

Subject matter of the Agama Samavayanga Sutra contains elements of mathematics and astronomy. One of the interesting aspects of this text is its portrayal of Monasticism and spirituality in the terms of numerology. Mathematics – The Samavayanga Sutra seems to be in continuation of the Sthananga Sutra and follows the numeric method of describing substances from 1 to 1 billion.

Astronomy — It contains discussion on Mount Meru, the jyotishcakra, the Jambudvipa itself, the measurements used in the Jaina canon, the Jaina Loka, the different types of Eart The Shtra Karanda Sravakachara This is a list of important texts written by Jain ascetics and those which are of important value to Jainism.

Kheda, also known as Kaira, is a City and a municipality in the Indian state of Gujarat. It is an administrative capital of Kheda district. History The name Kheda originated from the Sanskrit term Kshetra aacranga. Khetaka in used as a name of a region surrounding the place in ancient literature. It is also mentioned as a town from 12th to 17th century. It is also mentioned as Divyanagar in in rd chapter of Padmapurana.


Jaina Sutras, Part I

The 7th and 8th century copper-plates of Maitraka dynasty acarqnga Khetaka as an administrative division as well as there are mentions of it as a place of Brahmin residence and a Rashtrakuta-controlled town in other copper-plates. There were about villages under that administrative division.

Jain literature is primarily divided between Digambara literature and Svetambara literature. These are said to be based on the discourse of the tirthankara, delivered in a samavasarana divine preaching hall. It is a Jain religious epic authored by Tirutakkatevar. Civaka Cintamani means “fabulous gem”, is also known by alternative name Acaranha nool Tamil: It has been admired for its poetic form, appealing story-line, and theological message.

The story concerns a hero who through his virtue rises to become king, only to renounce his high station and pursue a life of religious merit. It narrates the romantic exploits of Jeevaka and throws light on arts of music and dance of the era. While reciting this mantra, the devotee bows with respect to the Panch Parameshti the Supreme Five: Jains do not ask for any favors or material benefits from the tirthankaras or monastics.

This mantra simply serves as a gesture of deep respect towards beings whom they believe are spiritually evolved, as well as to remind the people of their ultimate goal i. According to the Svetambara tradition it was suta by Gandhara Sudharmasvami in Ardhamagadhi Prakrit.

The text acarznga in two main parts: It is written using techniques including narration and questions and answers, and the sutrz start with Sudharmasvami explaining the various doctrines to his chief disciple Jambuswami and answering his questions.

Description This agama describes nonviolence, Jain metaphysics, and the refutation of dutra religious theories such as Kriyavada, Akriyavada, Ajnanavada, and Vinayavada.

Sanskrit commentary has been done by Silanka who lived in the second half of the ninth century A. The agama is divided into two parts consisting of 16 lectures and 7 lectures respectively. Following are the diverse topics covered: Jain doctrine — Causes of bondage, description of hells, des Nishidhi, a 14th-century memorial stone acarwnga the observance of the vow of Sallekhana with old Kannada inscription.

Found at Tavanandi forest, Karnataka, India. It is the religious practice of voluntarily fasting to death by gradually reducing the intake of food and liquids. The originals are all lost, and the zutra versions were written in the 1st millennium CE.

These are believed by Jains to have originated from Rishabhanatha, the first tirthankara who lived millions of years ago. It deals with the sutrra of Rishabhanatha, the first Tirthankara. According to Jain tradition, it was composed in 9th century CE.

Teachings and quotes of the The Acaranga Sutra

In the work, the struggle for power and control over the entire world of two brothers Bharata and Bahubali, sons of Rishabhadeva. While Bahubali wins, he renounces the worldly pursuits in favor of his brother. Many Jaina Puranas of the Middle Ages found a role model in this work.

It is believed to eliminate obstacles, hardships, scaranga miseries, if chanted with complete faith.